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1. ʶԵ㹡Ԩ
2. ҵáѴ
3. ÷ͺ԰ҹ
4. ͺࢵԡĵ
(The Region of Rejection)
5. ʶԵԹ͹ԡ


5. ʶԵԹ͹ԡ

           Ըա÷ҧʶԵԾԡ (Parametric Statistics) 繡÷ͺǡѺҾͧЪҡ Ҩ繡÷ͺǡѺ͡÷ͺǡѺѴǹ㹻Ъҡ 觡÷ͺ԰ҹͧʶԵԾԡբ͵ŧͧ ҧҹҨҡЪҡ÷աᨡᨧ ûǹͧЪҡä мšѴҡõҵѹҤҧ 㹡÷ͺ԰ҹʶԵԾԡ ҧ駼Ԩѡա÷ͺš͹仵͵ŧѧ (Assume) ŷ仵͵ŧͧ ѧ鹼š÷ͺ԰ҹж١ͧѺԹӤѭ 蹤 ҢŷҡѴ仵͵ŧͧʶԵԾԡ ÷ͺջԷҾ 仵͵ŧǼŢͧ÷ͺջԷҾ ʶԵԾԡ㹡÷ͺ԰ҹ Z-test, t-test, F-test

           ѺŷǺ㹡Ԩ·ҧĵԡʵѧʵ ҧ仵͵ŧͧʶԵԾԡ 蹤 ѡɳСᨡᨧͧЪҡ駻 ҨѡɳСᨡᨧẺ㴡Ҩ繡ᨡᨧẺԹ ᨡ ᨧẺǫͧ 繵 ѧҨ֧ͧ͡ʶԵա˹觷¡ ʶԵԹ͹ԡ (Nonparametric Statistics) ӡ÷ͺ᷹ ͹ԡ Է (Wolfowitz ) 繺ؤá㹻 . . 1942 ʶԵԻҧ¡ ʶԵԡᨡᨧ (Distribution-Free Statistics) 蹤 㹡÷ͺӹ֧֧ѡɳСᨡᨧͧЪҡҨѡɳ ʶԵԷ鷴ͺǡѺҾͧЪҡ ͡ҡʶԵԹ͹ԡѧöѺŷաѴдѺش дѺҵҹѭѵա

           ʹբͧʶԵԹ͹ԡ

           1. ҧҧҧʶҹóҡ բ͵ŧҡ͹ѺʶԵԾԡ ᨡᨧͧ繵ͧ繡ᨡᨧẺ
           2.  ҧբҴ öʶԵԹ͹ԡͺ
           3. ѺŷҵҵѭѵԢ
           4. äӹdz Ѻ͹ ºѺ÷ͺǡѹͧʶԵԾԡ

           ͨӡѴͧʶԵԹ͹ԡ

           1. ҢŷҡѴѺʶԵԾԡ ʶԵԹ͹ԡҷͺ᷹зԷҾ÷ͺŧ ͹Ѻ繡٭ʹȢͧŷͧŹдѺѴӡ
           2. դ㹡÷ͺ¡ҷ跴ͺʶԵԾԡ 蹤͡͹зӡûʸ԰ҹ繡ҧ õͧӹ֧֧ѡҹҧԧ觾
           3. աҧҴ˭ зäӹdzʶԵԹ͹ԡҡͧ»ҳ (Approximation)